A bacterium which modifies the evolution ? It is possible ! Wolbachia pipientis, discovered in ants, has the practice to settle in the reproductive bodies. It invades, without damaging them, the male and female gametes. Consequently, an infected animal and an not infected animal can't reproduce together. Thus, the various groups of ants can't be coupled any more, and one attends a forced specification, with the formation of new subspecies.
Only in the ants ? Not, because the discovery goes back already to a few years. Since, one found the bacterium at many other species. Certain specialists even think that certain current species could have been created by the bacterium. The biologists will soon have to considere the bacterium in the model of the evolution.